Establishing a Natural Protected Area "Al-Shouf Cedar"
The public properties of the villages of Niha, Jbaa, Mresti, Khreibeh, Maaser,
Barouk, Bmohray, Ain Darah and Ain Zhalta are considered as Natural Protected
Area in addition to the properties of the east side of Barouk Mountain, the
mentioned public properties are located within the borders shown below:
North: Public properties of Ain Darah town
East: The borders of the public properties of the following villages:
Niha, Jbaa, Mresti, Maaser, Barouk, Bmohray, Ain Zhalta and Ain Darah of
the east side of Barouk Mountain.
South: Borders of the public properties of Niha town via Jezzine.
East: Borders of the private properties of the villages of Niha, Jbaa, Mresti,
Khreibeh, Maaser, Barouk, Bmohray, Ain Darah and Ain Zhalta
Aiming to preserve the wood, plant and animal wealth in the natural protected
area; hence cutting , investing or industrializing trees of seedlings within the
protected area is prohibited by law whatever their kinds.
The Third Article
Livestock (cattle) are not allowed to enter the protected area aiming to protect
its soil and plants.
The Fourth Article
It is prohibited to take away and remove any yields or produces from the
protected area such as removing or drawing out stones or sand or metal or water,
or grass or flowers or herbage or green leaves or natural fertilizers from the
wood land , or the various seeds or other fruits and the other produces or
contents of the protected area unless for scientific research which aims to
improve the ecology of the protected area.
The Fifth Article
It is prohibited to do or perform any act that may lead to trouble in the
protected area ecosystem and in particular:
1. Setting fire or burning the grass and others such as plants and natural
wastes which exist in the protected area or (within) less than 500 meters of its
2. Wild hunting in the protected area or within a distance less than 500 meters
of its border.
3. Camping in the protected lands or throwing the wastes etc…….
4. Every act that may damage the protected area or deforms its natural sights or
destroys its resources.
The Sixth Article
Every text law and all the operative international agreements are applied within
the protected area, and in particular those which focus on the environment
protection, the wood values and the natural beauty.
The Seventh Article
The grass (herbs) and the cut or industrialized wood are confiscated and sold by
auction to the benefit of the protected area committee where those materials are
extracted. The violators are judged and taken to prison for a period ranging
between three months and three years and with a fine equal to two million five
hundred Lebanese pounds for each cut tree and one hundred thousand Lebanese
pounds for each kilogram of wood or firewood and two hundred thousand for each
industrialized box and one hundred and fifty thousand Lebanese pounds for each
kilogram of any industrialized substances.
The Eighth Article
Each person who permits cattle to get into the protected area is punished by a
fine equal to two hundred fifty thousand Lebanese pounds per head and put into
jail for a period ranging from two to six months.
The Ninth Article
Each person that breaks, spoils or transfers any of the protected land produce
or removes the border signs is punished by a fine ranging from one hundred
thousand Lebanese pounds to one million Lebanese pounds and enter the prison for
fifteen days to six months.
Each person who sets fire in the protected area is punished by entering the
prison for a juration ranging from one month to two years. Punishment must meet
with the damages estimated by the court. In the case of there being two
punishments for the same offense with different texts, the extreme punishment is
The Tenth Article
In all circumstances, and in addition to the above mentioned punishments it is
judged that, the taken or cut wood material that was used to commit the breach
must be returned and the saws, axes, cutters, the other devices, materials and
the transportation means must be confiscated. The confiscated materials and
fines are to be returned to the mentioned protected area committee.
The Eleventh Article
By a resolution issued by the Governor of Mount Lebanon (Mouhafez) and after
consulting the Minister for Environment a committee of seven volunteer members
is appointed for three years to insure the protection and controlling works and
make available the studies and scientific research in order to ecologically
rehabilitate the land.
Appointing the members of the protected land must take into consideration the
representation of the area municipalities and those who have in-depth experience
The Twelfth Article
This law is considered valid as soon as published in the official gazette.